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FAO/UNEP/UN-Energy Bioenergy Decision Support Tool -
MODULE 2: Designing a Strategy
question that arises in designing a bioenergy strategy is which
organisations and actors should be involved in the process and
in what manner should they participate? The active participation
and commitment of key stakeholders is critical throughout all the
stages of the strategy design process.
A suggested series of steps for establishing stakeholder
involvement and insuring its quality is given in Figure 3 and
discussed below. Participatory processes for a complex area such
as bioenergy will cut across many levels of economic and political
activity and will be impacted signifcantly by the relative economic
and political power of stakeholders. Designing and carrying
out such processes requires careful analysis of the conficting
interests of actors and the operational constraints that can arise;
more detail on participatory processes and stakeholder issues is
found in:
Module 6-People and Processes.
IDENTIFYING STAKEHOLDERS
The frst step is the identifcation of stakeholders that have an
active interest in bioenergy development or that will be affected
by it. Table 1 provides an illustrative list of stakeholders relevant
to a national level bioenergy strategy process. The appropriate
stakeholder representatives should be given the chance to
provide feedback at key stages in the strategy development
process. Based on the identifcation of stakeholders, a bioenergy
task force can be developed and a stakeholder forum convened,
as discussed further below.
Stakeholder identifcation should also pay attention to evaluating
the level of interest and likely impact for different groups. In
stakeholder engagement, there will be trade-offs between the
quantity of stakeholders involved and the quality and depth
of involvement, and care should be taken to ensure that key
stakeholder groups will receive appropriate attention in the
process. In addition, due consideration needs to provide the
format and means for relevant stakeholders to play an active part
in the process, taking into account cultural, fnancial and capacity
constraints, including literacy levels.
The process of stakeholder engagement in designing the
bioenergy strategy will emphasise representatives at the national
level or in some cases regional levels. There will generally be
a separate process for local stakeholders associated with
site-specifc impacts that are connected to programmes or
projects
<Mod4-Project Screening>.
The local processes will
facilitate identifcation of stakeholders that are directly or indirectly
affected by bioenergy development, because of geographic
vicinity to project sites, or because they depend upon natural
resources and ecosystem services that are affected by bioenergy
development
<Mod6-People and Processes>.
There may also
be relevant stakeholders at both the strategy and project levels
that are indirectly impacted by the new demand for resources for
bioenergy, for example industries such as wood products that rely
upon the same feedstocks
<Mod5-Land Resources>
.
National government
representatives for:
Other public organisations
Non-governmental
organisations and civil
society groups
Private sector
• Energy
• Agriculture
• Rural development
• Poverty and food insecurity
• Environment
• Forests
• Finance
• Planning
• Trade
• Donor liaison
• Representatives of regions/
local government
• Agricultural extension
providers/organizations
• Energy utilities
• Regulatory bodies
• Bilateral aid/cooperation
agencies
• Multilateral organizations
• Environmental NGOs
• Development and land
rights groups
• Labour organizations
• Trade organizations
• Farmers organizations
• Community-based
Organizations
• Local grass-roots
organisations
• Producers and users of
biomass
• Providers of bioenergy facilities
• Producers of bioenergy
technologies
• Providers of advisory services
• Private utilities
• Financing institutions
• Formal banks
• Informal small-scale fnance
providers
Table 1: Potential stakeholders in the bioenergy strategy process
Source: Adapted from ESMAP, 2005
Who ?
Gov’t agencies
NGOs
Trade groups
Researchers
Why ?
Energy Security
GHG Mitigation
Rural Development
Import Substitution
Energy Access
Which ?
Household Sector
Heat and Power
Industry
Transport/domestic
Transport/export
Feedstocks
Harvesting
Conversion
End-use
Emissions
Co-products
What ?
Cropland
Forests
Pastures
Aquatic biomass
Processing Sites
Land fills
Where ?
How ?
Land tenure
Ownership options
Economies of scale
Regulations
Small business owners
Figure 2: Issues/options in the process of designing a bioenergy strategy
Note: The issues/options listed are only examples and are not meant to include all possibilities
Figure 3: Steps for facilitating stakeholder participation in the strategy design process
Identifying
Stakeholders
Establishing
Bioenergy
Task Force
Convening a
Stakeholder
Forum
Mobilising
Stakeholders
Monitoring
Stakeholder
Participation