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FAO/UNEP/UN-Energy Bioenergy Decision Support Tool -
MODULE 7: Deployment and Good Practices
Box 7: Bagasse Cogeneration in Mauritius
The Bagasse Energy Development Programme (BEDP) in Mauritius was set up through legislation that was developed to rationalise
the sugar sector and improve its energy performance. It also received fnancial assistance from the GEF/World Bank. The goals
included reducing the major investments in fossil fuel plants, reducing the country’s dependence on petroleum product imports,
diversifying the country’s energy base, improving the viability of the sugar industry through modernization and rehabilitation, and
reducing CO2 emissions. The BEDP developed the concept of satellite mills supplying excess bagasse to the neighbouring power
plants where appropriate. Bagasse was to be burnt during the crushing season and any stored surplus was to be used during the
intercrop season, while the power plant would also burn coal in the period between the harvest periods, thus allowing optimum use
of the boiler house (Johnson et al, 2007).
The programme was continuously expanded and improved, and bagasse now accounts for over 20% of the country’s electricity
generation. The improved performance that accompanied the installation of cogeneration plants also made the sugar sector more
competitive and led to innovations in allied industries that supplied parts and training. Furthermore, there has been further integration
of energy and agricultural products in relation to the facilities, with the result that the bagasse cogeneration systems are just one part
of an integrated complex that uses more and more of its own internal products, thereby improving the long-term sustainability by
“closing the loop”.
providing grants and loans to small entrepreneurs. The AREED
programme in Africa is one example of the business-creation
approach and is aimed at improving energy access rather than
bioenergy per se (Box 8). Financing schemes can also operate
from the other direction by providing credit and/or support-
ing local income-generating activities for which reliable energy
services are not currently available: such an approach couples
energy provision directly to expansion of economic development
opportunities. Socio-economic benefts are also thereby linked to
village level since many of the activities are connected to support-
ing infrastructure or services provided locally. The Green Village
Credit scheme in China provides an example (Box 9).
Integrated Food Energy Systems
The integration of (bio) energy services with non-energy products
and services is not only an issue for deployment itself, but also to
one of the fundamental potential conficts related to bioenergy:
the potential confict with production of food, especially in LDCs.
Therefore, the integrated systems of special importance for
developing countries are Integrated Food-Energy Systems (IFES),
where special attention is given to maximising the overall returns
and addressing food provision and food security internally in the
system design rather than something to be considered separately.
© LWF/Falk Orth