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10
FAO/UNEP/UN-Energy Bioenergy Decision Support Tool -
MODULE 8: Impacts
QUESTIONS AND SUB-QUESTIONS
REFERENCES
POTENTIAL IMPACTS ON FOREST RESOURCES AND
PRODUCTS
Is there a national and/or local forestry service with responsibility
for monitoring and assessing all forests?
• Does this service have adequate staffng and resources to fulfl its
mandate?
Will bioenergy production lead to a reduction in forest areas and/
or to forest degradation?
• Will bioenergy feedstock production lead to forest
encroachment?
• Will biomass from forests with high conservation value, such as
old growth and native forest, or sensitive nature types be used for
bioenergy production?
ProForest, no date. Global HCV Toolkits. Part 2: Defning
High Conservation Value Forests at a National Level.
• Will this lead to a reduction in these forest areas?
• Will this lead to the degradation of these forests?
• species diversity;
• health and vitality;
ProForest, no date. Global HCV Toolkits. Part 3: Identifying
and managing High Conservation Values Forests: a guide
for forest managers.
Will timber be harvested for bioenergy production at a faster rate than
its regenerative capacity?
• Will this lead to forest degradation and/or to deforestation due to
over utilization?
FAO. 2004. National Forest Inventory – Field Manual -
Template.
Will the following ecosystem services provided by these forests be
affected by bioenergy production?
WRI, 2008. Ecosystem Services: A Guide for Decision
Makers
• carbon storage;
• conservation of biological diversity;
• soil protection;
• water protection;
• provision of ecotourism; and
• recreation and amenity value.
To what extent will bioenergy production affect the availability of
timber and its waste products for other productive uses, such as pulp,
fbre, plywood production?
To what extent will bioenergy production affect the availability of – and
local communities’ access to - fuelwood and charcoal for household
use, particularly for heating and cooking?
ESMAP, 2010. Sustainable production of commercial
wood fuel
FAO, 2010, Criteria and indicators for sustainable
woodfuels
• Are ownership and use rights to forest resources (wood energy)
clear and uncontested?
• Are vulnerable groups (such as indigenous
communities) and poor users ensured adequate
access to these resources?
• Are there effective and accepted confict management
mechanisms in place?
• To what extent will this affect the time-use, workload and health
of the people (mostly women and children) responsible for
collecting fuelwood for household use?
World Bank/FAO/IFAD. 2009. Gender in Agriculture –
Sourcebook.
To what extent will bioenergy production affect the availability of
non-wood forest products for both productive and household uses?
• To what extent will this affect the food security of local
communities?
Will a forest management plan be developed and implemented? Dykstra/Heinrich. 1996. FAO model code of forest
harvesting practice.
FAO. 2006. Responsible management of planted forests:
voluntary guidelines.
Will the following items be included in the plan?
Forest resources and products