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FAO/UNEP/UN-Energy Bioenergy Decision Support Tool -
MODULE 8: Impacts
Air quality
Will bioenergy production comply with national and local
legislation on air pollution control?
World Bank/UNEP/UNIDO. 1999. Pollution Prevention and
Abatement Handbook, 1998: Toward Cleaner Production.
Will bioenergy production affect local air quality?
• Will fre be used for land clearing?
• Will open-air burning of residues and/or waste take place?
• To what extent will the production and conversion of bioenergy
feedstocks lead to a deterioration of local air quality through the
emission of the following pollutants?
• nitrogen oxides (NOx);
• sulphur dioxide (SO2);
• persistent organic pollutants (POPs);
• others.
• To what extent will this affect the health of local communities and
To what extent will bioenergy use affect local air quality?
Umweltbundensamt (Federal Environment Agency of
Germany). 2008. Criteria for a Sustainable Use of Bioenergy
on a Global Scale.
• To what extent will modern bioenergy use lead to indoor air
pollution through the emission of the following pollutants?
• carbon monoxide (CO);
• particulate matter (PM);
• formaldehyde (H2CO);
• others.
To what extent will the shift from traditional solid biomass use to
modern bioenergy sources for heating and cooking lead to an
improvement in air quality, particularly indoor?
Smith and Haigler, 2008.
• To what extent will this affect the health of local communities and
This section includes a list of guiding questions and sub-questions on the potential socio-economic effects (including both risks and
opportunities) of bioenergy production and use in developing countries. The following socio-economic aspects were considered:
land tenure and displacement risk
income generation and potential exclusion of certain groups/individuals
• employment and labour conditions;
increased energy availability and access;
• economics, including cross-sector effects; and
• governance.
Other socio-economic effects associated more closely with environment and natural resources or food security may appear in those
sections. Impacts associated with the overall stakeholder process are addressed to some extent in a different Module
and Processes>
. Table 3 provides an overview of the expected relevance or applicability of the guiding questions for each sub-section