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FAO/UNEP/UN-Energy Bioenergy Decision Support Tool -
MODULE 8: Impacts
Income generation and equity
QUESTIONS AND SUB-QUESTIONS
REFERENCES
INCOME GENERATION AND POTENTIAL EXCLUSION OF CERTAIN
GROUPS/INDIVIDUALS
Are there adequate fnancing/microfnancing institutions and credit
schemes for bioenergy production?
ASFC/REEEP, no date. Toolkit: facilitating access to
fnance for small-scale biodiesel producers.
Are there adequate inputs (including adequate plant breeds),
technologies and extension systems/services (including effective
information diffusion) for the production and conversion of biomass
and the processing of the resulting by-products (e.g. fertilizers,
cattle cakes, etc.)?
Is access to these resources ensured for all groups and individuals
(particularly vulnerable groups and women)?
World Bank/FAO/IFAD, 2009. Gender in Agriculture –
Sourcebook.
Are there adequate infrastructures for the transportation of biomass
and the supply/distribution of bioenergy/biofuels?
Will the opportunities associated with bioenergy production be
equally distributed across groups and individuals?
ASFC/REEEP, no date. Toolkit: facilitating access to
fnance for small-scale biodiesel producers.
If not, which groups/individuals are likely to be excluded from it and
which barriers/constraints do they face?
lack of access to land
lack of access to formal credit schemes
lack of access to adequate equipment/technologies
lack of access to extension services
• Will adequate policies and support systems be adopted and
implemented to ensure that smallholder farmers may engage in
bioenergy production?
• Will specifc measures be adopted and implemented to
ensure that vulnerable groups and women may engage in
bioenergy production?
World Bank/FAO/IFAD. 2009. Gender in Agriculture –
Sourcebook.
• Will a fair/adequate share in post-harvest added-value go to
bioenergy crop growers, particularly small-scale producers?
Will bioenergy production integrate or compete with (i.e. partly
replace) existing economic activities in rural areas, particularly in
agri-food production systems?
In the latter case, to what extent will these activities and the
associated local knowledge and skills be negatively impacted?
• To what extent will the food security of local communities and
individuals be affected?
Employment and labour conditions
QUESTIONS AND SUB-QUESTIONS
REFERENCES
EMPLOYMENT AND LABOUR CONDITIONS
World Bank/WWF, 2010. Biofuels: Environmental
Sustainability Scorecard.
Will bioenergy production generate more jobs than it will replace?
• What level of technology will characterise bioenergy production?
How does this compare to technology levels in activities replaced?
• How will wages in bioenergy production compare to those of the
jobs that will be replaced?