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FAO/UNEP/UN-Energy Bioenergy Decision Support Tool -
MODULE 8: Impacts
QUESTIONS AND SUB-QUESTIONS
REFERENCES
• What will be the likely impacts on employment?
• To what extent could the workforce be absorbed in other
sectors?
To what extent will bioenergy crop production (particularly harvesting) be
mechanized?
• What will be the likely impacts on employment?
• To what extent could the workforce be absorbed in other
sectors?
Increased energy availability and access
INCREASED ENERGY AVAILABILITY AND ACCESS
QUESTIONS AND SUB-QUESTIONS
REFERENCES
Will bioenergy planning be part of rural electrifcation plans and
poverty alleviation strategies?
IEA/WEO 2010 - Energy Poverty: How to make modern
energy access universal
To what extent will the bioenergy produced (or part of it) be used to
meet the local demand for energy?
EUEI, 2010. Biomass Energy Strategy Guide for Policy-
Makers and Energy Planners.
If so, is the infrastructure required to supply/deliver such energy
adequate?
If so, are adequate equipment and devices available/affordable to
local communities/individuals to use such energy (for electricity
generation, cooking and/or heating purposes), such as modern
cooking stoves?
• Are there other technological and/or socio-economic barriers/
constraints to the use of such energy by local communities/
individuals?
• Will a pricing strategy be elaborated and agreed by stakeholders to
ensure that energy service provision will continue over time?
• Will end user credit schemes be provided to create a local market?
• Will a maintenance plan for facilities be adopted and implemented?
Economics
ECONOMIC ASPECTS
QUESTIONS AND SUB-QUESTIONS
REFERENCES
Is bioenergy production proftable without explicit and implicit subsidies?
In the short, medium and long run?
Global Subsidies Initiative
http://www.globalsubsidies.org/en/research/biofuel-
subsidies
FAO, 2010, BEFS Analytical Framework, Techno-
Economic and Environmental Analysis: biofuel production
costs
If subsidies or tax breaks are needed, how long will they be needed for
and who will receive them? Does a phase out strategy exist?
United Nations Environment Programme, Finance Initiative
(UNEP FI), 2010. Series of publications on economic and
fnance of renewable energy projects/policies. http://www.
unepf.org/publications/index.html
To what extent does bioenergy development affect resource availability
of other users and in other sectors?
Cushion et al, 2010, Bioenergy Development.
land?
• water?
labour, including seasonal demand?
Does the proposed production method use resources effciently?