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FAO/UNEP/UN-Energy Bioenergy Decision Support Tool -
MODULE 8: Impacts
Food availability
FOOD AVAILABILITY: to what extent will bioenergy production affect the availability of the key staple crops - now, throughout the year,
and in years to come?
QUESTIONS AND SUB-QUESTIONS
REFERENCES
To what extent will feedstock production compete for land with food
production, in particular the production of key staples?
FAO, 2010, BEFS Analytical Framework, Natural
Resource Analysis: land assessment Module 1
FAO, 2011. BEFSCI project
• To what extent will feedstock production take place on land that is not
currently used for food production?
• To what extent will feedstock production take place on land that is
currently used for the production of cash crops that are not a component
of the diet of vulnerable households?
• To what extent will additional feedstock demand be met by intensifcation
of production on existing land?
• To what extent will feedstock production displace the production of staple
crops?
If staple production is displaced, is there suffcient additional land in the
area where staples can be produced to meet the demand for food? Now,
and in the future? Which land?
• What are the characteristics of this alternative/ additional land in
terms of fertility, proximity and access to markets?
• How do costs of production compare to existing production costs?
To what extent will the use of residues for bioenergy production compete
with residue use for soil fertility and crop management? What are the
cost implications of substituting for residues with other inputs?
ESMAP, 2005
Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation, 2010
(http://www.iwr.msu.edu/rusle/)
To what extent will bioenergy production affect the livestock sector?
Sustainable intensifcation in smallholder
crop-livestock systems; http://www.ilri.org/
SustainableIntensifcation
• Are animal products and important component of the diet of the poor and
food insecure?
• Will grazing land be converted for feedstock production?
Is there suffcient additional land suitable and accessible for grazing?
Now, and in the future?
• To what extent will the use of residues for bioenergy production compete
with feed for livestock?
• To what extent will the increased demand for agricultural commodities for
bioenergy production affect the price of livestock feed?
Can local key staple and animal production shortfalls be met by imports
from other regions? What are the likely cost implications?