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FAO/UNEP/UN-Energy Bioenergy Decision Support Tool -
MODULE 8: Impacts
Ecosystems and biodiversity
POTENTIAL IMPACTS ON ECOSYSTEMS AND BIODIVERSITY
World Bank/WWF. Biofuels: Environmental Sustain-
ability Scorecard.
QUESTIONS AND SUB-QUESTIONS
REFERENCES
Is there a national inventory of protected areas, corridor, buffer zones, and on
services provided by biodiversity?
National Biodiversity Indicators Portal http://www.
bipnational.net/
Will bioenergy production directly or indirectly affect any protected areas? World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA)
Will bioenergy production affect any areas identifed as priorities for biodiversity
conservation?
Integrated Biodiversity Assessment Tool (IBAT)
Will bioenergy production affect buffer zones and corridors?
Will bioenergy production affect any species of special concern (threatened or
vulnerable species per IUCN Red List) through habitat conversion, disturbance,
or fragmentation, including disruption or fragmentation of dispersal or migratory
pathways?
IUCN. 2008. The IUCN Red List of Threatened
Species.
Will bioenergy production affect any aquatic species of special concern
through downstream habitat conversion, disturbance, fragmentation or water
abstraction?
Will bioenergy production directly affect any rare or threatened habitat types
through conversion, loss or fragmentation?
Will bioenergy production indirectly affect aquatic or terrestrial biodiversity by
creating or improving access to areas that were previously inaccessible or
especially remote, or by connecting previously unconnected drainage networks?
To what extent will large-scale fre or fooding regimes be affected by bioenergy
production?
To what extent will bioenergy production displace or facilitate human activity
in other areas in the larger landscape/watershed where species of special
concern, rare habitat types, or identifed biodiversity priorities occur?
Will aquatic systems and groundwater within the bioenergy production site
be adequately buffered from agricultural activities? Have buffer strips been
designed and implemented?
Gemmill, B., 2001. Guide to Best Practices
for Sectoral Integration: Managing Agricultural
Resources for Biodiversity Conservation.
To what extent will natural resources (including forests and animal species) from
surrounding natural areas be exploited during project development or operation?
Will bioenergy production lead, either directly or indirectly, to serious damage
or total loss of (an) ecosystem(s), land-use type(s) (particularly forests and
wetlands) or population of a species providing non-substitutable ecosystem
services of scientifc, ecologic and/or socio-economic value?
IFC. 2007. Performance Standards on Social &
Environmental Sustainability. Guidance Note 6:
Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Natural
Resource Management
• To what extent will bioenergy production result in increased fertilizer,
pesticide or herbicide use?
• To what extent will this affect ecosystem functions such as nutrient cycling,
water fltering, etc.?
• To what extent will this lead to a loss of pollinators and pollination services?
• To what extent will this result in a disturbance of food chains?
• To what extent will this affect the health of plantation workers and of local
communities?
WHO. 2005. The WHO Recommended Classif-
cation of Pesticides by Hazard – and Guidelines to
Classifcation 2004.
Will bioenergy production result in the introduction of non-endemic invasive
species?
• To what extent will this result in the reduction of the variety and variability of
plants and animals – including crops, livestock, forestry and fsheries - used
directly or indirectly for food, fodder, fber, fuels and pharmaceuticals?
Ady Kuncoro et al. 2006. Rapid Agrobiodiversity
Appraisal (RABA) in the Context of Environmental
Services Rewards.
• To what extent will this affect the food security of local communities,
particularly of the poorest and most vulnerable groups?
• Was the risk of invasiveness of introduced species considered and
assessed?
CABI International. 2009. Invasive Species
Compendium (Alpha).
IUCN, no date. Global Invasive Species Database.
Pheloung et al. 1999. Alien plant screening system.
GISP .2008 Biofuels run the risk of becoming
invasive species GISP, May 2008 - http://www.gisp.
org/publications/reports/BiofuelsReport.pdf.pdf)
Will bioenergy production result in the introduction of genetic modifed crops or
trees for bioenergy production?
Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety