When developing a bioenergy strategy and moving it towards implementation certain operational considerations must be appraoched: (a) supporting policies and institutions must be developed, (b) the strategy must be related to existing and potential programmes and projects, and (c) the organisational set-up must be geared to various levels of engagement with stakeholders based on technical, financial and administrative roles. There also arises therefore a need for procedures to evaluate the need to modify or design policies and institutions in both the energy arena and related sectors, assess bioenergy programmes and specific bioenergy project proposals, address the various impacts that arise and in general to mobilise the necessary stakeholders to finalise the strategy design and engage in implementation. This module will walk the user through the operational and implementation elements in bioenergy planning.