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Opportunities and potential impacts in bioenergy projects

SCALE WATER BIODIVERSITY CLIMATE CHANGE SOCIO-ECONOMICS

Opport. Impacts Opport. Impacts Opport. Impacts Opport. Impacts GLOBAL

TRANS-BOUNDARY

Global water resources and systems are protected

Change in large system ecological processes and social services

Change in transboundary water systems

No global biodiversity loss

Change in biodiver-sity including – species extinction, biome loss, etc.

Stabilize global net GHG emissions

Net global increase in GHG

Meet MDGs Change/

impacts on global food and fuel markets

NATIONAL

PROVINCIAL/ STATE

National water systems are protected and maintained

Change in ecological reserve for rivers

Change in total steam fow and available water to downstream users

No national net loss in biodiversity

Change in biodiver-sity including – species extinction, intactness of habitat, introduction of invasive species, biodiversity loss

Stabilize/ reduce national GHG emissions

Positive national GHG carbon balances (based on national carbon accounting)

National food security

Employment

Food insecurity on the national level (due to imports, etc.)

LOCAL GOVERNMENT

TERTIARY CATCHMENT

COMMUNITY

HOUSEHOLD

Local water resources are protected and maintained

Change in seasonality of stream fow

Change in security of supply

Change in depth to groundwater or yield of groundwater

Change in water quality

Local biodi-versity and ecosystems/ ecosystem services are protected

Change in ecosystem services provided by biodiversity:

Provisioning (food, wood) Regulating impacts (foods, drought) Regenerative capacity Soil degrada-tion

Access and use CDM funds for projects

Reduction of traditional biomass use

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Household income

Household food security

Equity of distribution

Access to and tenure of land and resources

Local food insecurity

Gender inequities in employment opportunities and wages

Box 2: Key decision making criteria

Adapted from the re-impact project (www.ceg.ncl.ac.uk/reimpact/Related%20Documents/WP2_SustDecisionCriteria_07.pdf.

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