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Transport

The provision of transport fuels includes various options with respect to technical specifications (fuel vehicle compatibility) and marketability. Currently, main transporta-tion fuels are ethanol and biodiesel. However, depending on circumstances and envisaged end use, straight vegetable oil can be an option too. Furthermore, biogas and bioelectricity increasingly receive interest.

Economic development issues to consider in relation to sector priorities and linkages:

Can energy access goals be addressed by improving the availability of biomass residues that are by-products or potential additional bioenergy feedstocks from small industries?

Are there key inputs for agriculture (e.g. fertilisers) that can be provided through expanded bioenergy produc-tion in adjacent areas and what are the options for establishing delivery systems for these inputs?

Are there potential linkages between the infrastructure needed for transport, power, and communications

needs (e.g. off-grid power for new communications systems)?

Are there under-served demands in selected industries for heat and power that can be met by expanding the supply of biomass feedstocks in the vicinity – and if so what infrastructure is lacking to complete the bioenergy supply chain?

Are there elements in the regional transportation infrastructure that can be better exploited either for end-use biofuel markets or for distribution and supply of bioenergy feedstocks? If not, what are the prospects for advancing those regional linkages as bioenergy markets develop further?

The bioenergy strategy needs to balance the objectives of improving energy access and stimulating rural develop-ment with the need to attract investment in the larger-scale projects needed for transport and power. The identification of innovative combinations of infrastructure along with a better articulation of the demands of end-users in households and small business will help to facilitate the cross-sector synergies.

Bioenergy Policy

Linkages across sectors and end-uses

Traditional Biomass

Used for cooking, heating & lighting by households & small businesses

Transport

Biofuels for transport, including bioelectricity, biogas and liquid fuels

Heat & Power

Provision of heat, power and mechanical energy at various scales

Agriculture

Use of bioenergy for agricultural machinery and operations

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