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These questions are grouped into three main categories:

Environment and natural resources: potential impacts to ecosystems, biodiversity, water, forest resources and products, soil, GHG balances, and air quality;

Socio-economic effects: land tenure and displace-ment risk, income generation, potential exclusion of

certain groups/individuals, employment, labour condi-tions, increased energy access, local governance; and

Food security impacts: food availability, access, stability and utilisation.

Some key guiding questions to assist in assessing impacts are (the rest are accessible in the larger report)

Environment and Natural Resource Impacts

Socio-economic Effects and Impacts

Food Security Impacts

Will bioenergy production directly affect any rare or threatened ecosystems or habitat types through conversion, habitat loss or fragmentation?

Will bioenergy production lead to a reduction in soil productivity?

Will bioenergy production result in the introduction of non-endemic invasive species?

To what extent will bioenergy production adversely impact water availability and/or quality both for downstream ecosystem processes and services and for downstream human activities and domestic uses (both current and projected)?

Will the GHG balance be positive or negative compared to traditional fuels?

To what extent will bioenergy production lead to the displace-ment of local communities or of certain groups/individuals (particularly vulnerable groups such as indigenous communities and women) within them?

Will the opportunities associ-ated with bioenergy production be equally distributed across groups and individuals?

Will bioenergy production generate more jobs than it will replace?

To what extent will the bioenergy produced (or part of it) be used to meet the local demand for energy?

Is bioenergy production profit-able without explicit and implicit subsidies? In the short, medium and long run?

What action can the local popula-tion take in case of bad perform-ance of local government/local line agencies/economic operators?

What is the status of food insecurity (chronic and transitory)?

What are the main staple foods in the diet of the country’s poor and vulnerable populations?

To what extent will bioenergy production affect the availabil-ity of the key staple crops - now, throughout the year, and in years to come?

To what extent will increased demand for agricultural commodi-ties for bioenergy production affect the prices of key staple foods? At the national level? In the local area?

How will increased use of agricul-tural inputs for feedstock production affect input availability for food production? Now, and in the future?

Do safety nets exist to protect against temporary food insecurity?

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