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Sustainable Agriculture There is a large and broad variety of practices and methods that contribute to the achievement of what is called sustainable agriculture and they have been implemented by people in many different capacities, from farmers to consumers. It encourages stewardship of both the land and natural resources which involves maintaining or enhancing this vital resource base for the long term, as well as stewardship of the human resources which includes consideration of social dimensions. These practices take into account the complex, reciprocal and ever-changing relationships between agricultural production and the broader society.

The adoption of sustainable farming practices can mitigate environmental risks related to feedstock production. Intensification can limit the pressure for land expansion for food, feed and fuel production, but intensification must also occur in a sustainable manner to minimize negative impacts on the local and global ecosystem services. Sustainable production intensification aims to increase productivity and economic benefits to farmers and reduce negative environmental impact by capitalizing on inherent ecological processes.

Sustainable intensification can be promoted through a variety of different agricultural management approaches, which address different environmental challenges. Some of the key approaches are listed in Table 2.

Sustainable Forest Management Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) aims to ensure that the goods and services derived from the forest meet present-day needs while at the same time securing their continued availability and contribution to long-term development. In its broadest sense, forest management encompasses the administrative, legal, technical, economic, social and environmental aspects of the conservation and use of forests. It implies various degrees of deliberate human intervention, ranging from actions aimed at safeguarding and maintaining the forest

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