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Existence of local champions

Priority settings would then be presented by the Task Force to the larger Stakeholder Forum for review and vetting.

Defning an Implementation Strategy

Once priorities are identified, the Task Force should proceed in leading the preparation of an Implementation Strategy (Bioenergy Strategy). Although the process and detailed contents of such an implementation strategy are not part of the discussion of this Decisions Support Tool, Table 4 describes areas for policy implementation. Some of the main elements that should be contained in the implementation strategy are:

An institutional capacity needs assessment of both local and national capacities to implement the identified priorities

An assessment of financing options for priority investments

A proposed new or revised regulatory framework to support implementation

Investment formulation and costing

An assessment of necessary support systems – both commercial (including input and output marketing, technology providers, etc.) and advisory (technical advisory services including private and public extension providers, financial advisers, business advisers, etc.) A monitoring and evaluation strategy (including identify-ing appropriate institutions and bodies to conduct and carry out monitoring and evaluation) building upon participatory monitoring and evaluation principles and experience

Table 4 – Four key areas for policy implementation

Technology Market/ Fiscal support Regulation Institutions

Which technology will be preferred under what circumstances?

To which market is the product destined?

What instruments will be used to regulate?

Licensing Certification Mandates

What institution will house and implement the policy?

How will technology choice be supported?

Grants, research, micro credit schemes, reduced import tariffs,etc.

What support is required to ensure it reaches its intended markets?

Infrastructure, trade agreements, certification, import restrictions, etc.

Incentives

Grants, taxes, subsidies, fuel charges, etc.

How to use regulation to support certain activities

Supporting certain activities with grants

What additional capacity is needed in the country to implement

Skilled biofuels experts, extension officers, regulatory bodies, etc.

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